# The Enigma of Coulomb's Law

# (or...infinte energy all around us) CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW (for a short pdf version of this and electric field transformer click here)        Within the current science paradigm all physical -- finite/temporal -- form is an effect of four interactions, weak nuclear, strong nuclear, electromagnetic, and gravity.  Of these four, 21/2 involve the inverse square law -- weak nuclear, gravity, and the electric field component of the electromagnetic.  When a formula involving the inverse square law is plugged into a potential energy formula, a result is a mathematical infinity (wikipedia).         With gravity, this infinite potential energy manifests to us as black holes.   With electric fields, this infinite potential energy makes its appearance in Coulomb's Law -- the power in 'static cling'.

At first glance the formulas of Coulomb's Law and Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation appear very similar.  Both determine forces present, one electrical and the other gravitational.
•  Newton's law determines gravitational forces; how much we weigh.  While, Coulomb's Law determines forces between electrical charges.  We experience this force as static cling.
•  Newton's law works with mass.  While Coulomb's works with charges.
•  FYI: 1 ampere is 1 coulomb of charge (6.2422 x 1018 electrons) passing a given point in one second.
Universal Law of Gravitation
 m1 --> mass 1 (m1) x (m2) m2 --> mass 2 F = (K) x d --> distance between masses -- meters d2 K --> 6.7 x 10-11 (N)(m2)/kg2 F --> Force
Coulomb's Law
 q1 --> charge 1 (measured in coulombs) (q1) x (q2) q2 --> charge 2 F = (K) x d --> distance between charges -- meters d2 K --> 9.0 x 109 (N)(m2)/q2 F --> Force